Learning the Anatomy of a Golf Swing

There are a variety of pieces that have to come together properly in a golf swing for it to be successful. Only when all of the various parts of the swing work together in harmony can the swing produce the results that you are looking for in your game. Working on the swing one piece at a time is a good way to get all of the part in proper shape, but it is when you bring them all together when you will see if you have a quality swing or not.

To better understand how the anatomy of a golf swing works, let’s look at four specific parts of every swing.

  • The takeaway. This is when the golf club just gets started moving away from the ball. While there isn’t much movement during the takeaway, it is a crucial part of the swing and things can go wrong very early if your takeaway is flawed. You want to move the club slowly back with your big muscles (torso, shoulders) and your hands should be mostly quiet at this point.
  • The backswing. Technically, the takeaway is part of the backswing, but it really gets going once the club gets up to around waist high. Your backswing should be balanced, have good tempo, and set you up for an aggressive downswing. Don’t let the club get too long wrapped around your back or it could be tough to square the club face back up to the target line at impact. Swing back until the rotation stops naturally, and you will be ready to make the transition.
  • The transition. This is when the backswing turns into the downswing. If you rush through this part of the swing, your sequencing will be off and the ball flight will not be what you are looking for. Take your time through the transition and let your body get into the right position to attack the ball.
  • Impact. This is when all of your hard work comes together and pays off in the form on a solidly struck shot. You should have your eyes down on the ball, your body should be rotating aggressively through toward the target, and your hands should be slightly ahead of the ball. You shouldn’t need to actively do anything at impact – it should simply be a product of the rest of your swing coming together correctly.